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Museu Egipci de Barcelona

Museu Egipci de Barcelona

The Clos Archeological Foundation was funded on 1992with the objective to promote the knowledge about the antique cultures, with special interest about Egypt. El Museu Egipci de Barcelona offers a permanent exhibition of 1100 of archeological pieces from Ancient Egypt culture.

These objects are ordered by themes. The first area deals with the figure of the Pharaoh and the Royal family through diverse royal figures (Cleopatra, Akhenaton, Ramesses II or Ramesses III), some princely us habits and several objects with royal names. Statues of officials, priest or nobles complete the vision of part of the complex and varied pharaonic society. The visitor can fin in this permanent exhibition amulets made in gold, electrum or silver and semiprecious stones, a golden cartonnage, necklaces, pectorals, rings… beautiful and luxurious creations which magic power had to be of benefits to their owners. Also pottery and stone vessels were widely used by the ancient Egyptians. It was in the manufacture of stone vessels where they learnt and practiced the working techniques for their sculptural and architectural creations.

The great number of cosmetics objects and products they used reveal the attention and the care the Egyptians dedicated to their bodies are. A probe of this is some of the vessels for ointments, kohl pots, palettes to prepare cosmetics… which you can see there.

You can find on the ground floor the funeral area. Beliefs and funerary practices: the Egyptians conceived death on earth as a provisional interruption, since human beings could live forever. The main protagonist of Osiris’s myth, the mummy of the so called Lady of Kemet, canopic jars and some mummified animals occupy this interesting space.

The first floor is dedicated to the tomb and its content temple cult and the Gods of Egypt. The basic elements of the funerary cult chapel (false-door stela, offering table, substitution statue and wall representations), are joined with the reproduction in life-scale of part of the chapel of the Astronomer of Amon, called Nakht and the restauration from original elements, opf the chapel of a personage called Iny, a chief of expeditions who lived at the beginning of 6th Dynasty.

The Egyptian temple was conceived as the house of the Gods, a suitable dwelling place to worship them. Wall reliefs from temples, stelae, votive figures or liturgical instruments illustrate this aspect of the Egyptian religiousness. A wide range of divinities grouped by divine triads, by technology of manufacture, or presented individually by his aesthetic and technical quality. The bust of the goodness Sekhmet in granite, statuettes in bronze of the gods Path, Osiris, Neith, Imhotep or Isis, figures in faience of ptaichos and the Apis bull, the colossal head  of baboon or the expressive image of the god Bes in greywacke, complete the tour of the Museu Egipci of Barcelona.

Sources: Museu Egipci of Barcelona.